Buddhism Countries, Sites, History

Chinese Buddhism | History

1. Chinese Buddhism Chinese Buddhism or Han Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine and material culture. The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works composed in China into a printed Canon had far-reaching implications for the dissemination of Buddhism throughout the

Tibetan Buddhism | Overview

1. Tibetan Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhism practiced in Tibet where it is the dominant religion. It is also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas (such as Bhutan, Ladakh, and Sikkim), much of Central Asia, the Southern Siberian regions such as Tuva, as well as Mongolia. Tibetan Buddhism is a form of Mah āyāna and Vajrayāna Buddhism stemming from the latest

Buddhism in Tibet | Lhasa

1. Buddhism in Tibet | Overview Buddhism was first actively disseminated in Tibet from the 6-9 th century CE , predominantly from India. During the Era of Fragmentation (9-10 th centuries), Buddhism waned in Tibet, only to rise again in the 11 th century. With the Mongol invasion of Tibet in the 13 th century and the establishment of the Mongol Yuan dynasty , Tibetan

Buddhism in Tibet | Jokhang Monastery

1. Tibet Tibet became one of the last major zones in Buddhist Asia to accept Buddhist teachings and rituals into its culture, which assumed a unique position as the perceived source for true dharma study during the 12-20 th centuries. Throughout their religious history, Tibetans have emphasized a balance of scholarship , contemplative Meditation , and the indivisibility of religious and secular authority; most of

Buddhism in Thailand

1. Buddhism in Thailand Buddhism in Thailand is largely of the Therav āda school, which is followed by 94.6% of the population. Buddhism in Thailand has also become integrated with folk religion as well as Chinese religions from the large Thai Chinese population. Buddhist temples in Thailand are characterized by tall golden stūpas , and the Buddhist architecture of Thailand is similar to that in

Temple of Tooth relic, Sri Lanka

1. Buddhism in Śrī Lanka Theravada Buddhism is the largest and state religion of Śrī Lanka practiced by 70.1% of Śrī Lanka's population. Practitioners of Buddhism can be found amongst the Sinhalese population as well as the Tamil population. Buddhism has been given the foremost place under Article 9 of the Constitution which can be traced back to an attempt to bring the status of

Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar

1. Buddhism in Myanmar Buddhism is practiced by 90% of the Myanmar’s population, and is predominantly of the Theravada tradition. It is the most religious Buddhist country in terms of the proportion of monks in the population and proportion of income spent on religion. Monks, collectively known as the Saṅgha , are venerated members of Burmese society. Among many ethnic groups in Myanmar, including the

Sanchi Stupa, India

Buddhism is an ancient Indian religion, which arose in and around the ancient Kingdom of Magadha (now in Bihar, India), and is based on the teachings of the Gautama Buddha who was deemed a "Buddha" ("Awakened One"). Buddhism spread outside of Magadha starting in the Buddha's lifetime. With the reign of the Buddhist Mauryan Emperor Aśoka, the Buddhist community split into 2 branches: the Mahāsāṁghika

Buddhism in Japan

Buddhism in contemporary Japan exhibits several distinctive characteristics: In a country that sometimes prides itself on having achieved a secular society, the Buddhist religion often seems marginal to contemporary Japanese culture. Yet surveys reveal that a large majority (roughly 75%) identifies itself as Buddhist. In institutional terms, Japanese Buddhism is simply the sum of its denominations, and being a Buddhist means being a member of

Buddhism in China

During its long history in China, which spans nearly 20 centuries, Buddhism developed flourishing traditions, exerted far-reaching influence on intellectual and religious life, and left its mark on virtually all aspects of Chinese society and culture. By that time Buddhism had already establish a strong presence within the Central Asian kingdoms that controlled most of the trade along the Silk Road.