Buddhism Philosophy & Teachings

Dharma in Sautrantika Buddhist philosophy

We can conclude that the most general meaning of the notion of “dharma” is an element from what the existence consists. But because the Buddhist philosophy recognizes altogether 75 types of those elements, it would not be far from truth to name each one of them or even all of them together by word “dharma”. Particular meaning becomes more clear upon viewing it in particular

Dharma classifications to āyatana and dhātu

“Āyatana” means “Entrance” (or “doors”); here it is “entrance” for a consciousness and psychic elements. Consciousness never arise by itself, by itself it would be pure and without any content and we hardly would call it a consciousness. It is always supported by 2 elements: the source of knowledge (sensation) and its corresponding object.


Answering the question why Buddha speaking on the objects of enquiry observed them in 3 ways, i.e. divided them in Aggregates (Skandha), Bases (of Consciousness) and classes (dhātu) of elements, Vasubandhu in AK1; 20 says: “Living beings use to have delusions of 3 kinds: Some are in illusions in regards to psychic phenomena, viewing it as an atman, “I”, others – in regards to matter,

Dharmas with anxiety and without: the Path

As a first thing that is understood when prajna is present in the flow comes the knowledge of the theory of elements, understanding that there are no permanent personality, that so called “personality” is in fact a set of 18 ingredients (dhātu). When the wrong views about “kind of” existing personality is dispelled, the Path emerges that leads to the final liberation.

Dharmas with anxiety and without: Suffering

One of the most significant features of dharma-elements in Buddhism philosophy is that they are creating so called “dukha”, a notion that is usually translated as “suffering”, “sorrows”, etc. but in theory it implies some other meaning.

What is Stupa

Stupas are the famous Buddhist sacral buildings, places of pilgrimage and the high reverence in the Buddhist world since the ancient times. They are containing relics of Buddha Shakyamuni, those of other Enlightened Buddhas, powerful Buddhist scriptures, mantras and jewels. Each element of these structures holds a symbolic meaning and has received appropriate consecrations from high Buddhist teachers.

Omens of Death in Tibetan Buddhism

There can be 2 reasons for a death – Whether our time is expiring Or some worldly conditions bring us to death. When the time of a lifetime is expiring – nothing can be done: death is inevitable. However if some worldly conditions threaten our lives, we can try methods as a medicine or special religious ceremonies to suspend a death for a while.

Conditioned and Unconditioned Dharmas

The substrate, which is behind the empirical personality and its experiences, is consisting of an endless number of separate elements or dharma-carriers. But all of them could be reduced to a much smaller number of types. Altogether there are 75 types of different dharmas, according to the oldest school of Buddhist philosophy. Buddhist scholars have had elaborated several different classifications of dharma-elements.

Momentary Existence

According to the Buddhism, each experience can be observed in a critical view as a complex consisting of: Conscious, sensible perceiving of something objectively existing Conscious psychic phenomena as emotions, memories, etc. If we separate in abstraction consciousness as such, a pure consciousness as a form from its content, we are getting 3 basic components: Consciousness Psychic phenomena in abstraction separated from consciousness Sensible phenomena,

Abhidharmakoša and Analysis of Existence

Vasubandhu in his treatise “Abhidharmakoša” defines that Abhidharma “is a pure knowledge together with accompanying dharmas”. A “Pure Knowledge” is knowledge firstly about the highest dharma, i.e. Nirvana, secondly about dharmas with a meaning “elements” or “manifestations of elements” to which is divided all empirical existence, all the existence we can experience or think of.