# Catubhāṇavārapāḷi | 17-19

### Dutiyakabhāṇavāraṁ

The Second Recital

### 17. Mahākassapattherabojjhaṅgaṁ

The Factor of Awakening Concerning the Elder Mahā Kassapa

**Introductory Verse**

Yaṁ Mahākassapatthero, parittaṁ Munisantikā

The elder Mahā Kassapa, having heard that safeguard

sutvā tasmiṁ khaṇe yeva ahosi nirupaddavo.

from the Sage, at that moment became free from adversity.

Bojjhaṅgabalasaṁyuttaṁ, parittaṁ taṁ bhaṇāmahe.

It is about the strength of the factors of Awakening, we will recite that safeguard.

**The Safeguard**

Evaṁ me sutaṁ:

Thus I have heard:

ekaṁ samayaṁ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati

at one time the Gracious One was dwelling near Rājagaha

Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.

at the Squirrels' Feeding Place in Bamboo Wood.

Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā Mahākassapo

Then at that time venerable Mahā Kassapa

Pipphalīguhāyaṁ viharati, ābādhiko dukkhito bāḷhagilāno.

was dwelling at the Pepper Cave, and was afflicted, suffering, and very sick.

Atha kho Bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṁ patisallānā vuṭṭhito,

Then the Gracious One, rising from seclusion in the evening time,

yenāyasmā Mahākassapo tenupasaṅkami,

approached venerable Mahā Kassapa,

upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.

and after approaching he sat down on the prepared seat.

Nisajja kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṁ Mahākassapaṁ etad-avoca:

Having sat down the Gracious One said this to venerable Mahā Kassapa:

“Kacci te Kassapa khamanīyaṁ? Kacci yāpanīyaṁ?

“Can you bear up, Kassapa? Can you carry on?

Kacci dukkhā vedanā paṭikkamanti no abhikkamanti?

Do painful feelings decrease and not increase?

Paṭikkamosānaṁ paññāyati no abhikkamo?” ti

Is it known that they are decreasing and not increasing?”

“Na me bhante khamanīyaṁ na yāpanīyaṁ,

“No, reverend Sir, I cannot bear up, nor can I carry on,

bāḷhā me dukkhā vedanā abhikkamanti no paṭikkamanti,

painful feelings greatly increase for me and do not decrease,

abhikkamosānaṁ paññāyati no paṭikkamo” ti.

and it is known that they increase and do not decrease.”

“Sattime Kassapa Bojjhaṅgā mayā sammad-akkhātā,

“There are these seven factors of Awakening, Kassapa, that have been fully explained by me,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattanti.

when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Katame satta?

What are the seven?

Satisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is mindfulness, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [01]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is investigation of (the nature of) things, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [02]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Viriyasambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is energy, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [03]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Pītisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is rapture, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [04]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Passaddhisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is calm, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [05]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Samādhisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is concentration, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [06]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is equanimity, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [07]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Ime kho Kassapa satta Bojjhaṅgā mayā sammad-akkhātā,

These are the seven factors of Awakening, Kassapa, which have been fully explained by me,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattantī” ti.

when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.”

“Taggha Bhagava Bojjhaṅgā!

“Surely, Gracious One, (these are) the factors of Awakening!

Taggha Sugata Bojjhaṅgā!” ti.

Surely, Fortunate One, (these are) the factors of Awakening!”

Idam-avoca Bhagavā,

The Gracious One said this,

attamano āyasmā Mahākassapo Bhagavato bhāsitaṁ abhinandi,

and venerable Mahā Kassapa was uplifted and greatly rejoiced in what was said by the Gracious One,

vuṭṭhāhi cāyasmā Mahākassapo tamhā ābādhā,

and venerable Mahā Kassapa recovered from that affliction,

tathā pahīno cāyasmato Mahākassapassa so ābādho ahosī ti.

and by that venerable Mahā Kassapa's affliction was brought to an end.

### 18. Mahāmoggallānattherabojjhaṅgaṁ

The Factor of Awakening Concerning the Elder Mahā Moggallāna

**Introductory Verse**

Moggallāno pi thero yaṁ, parittaṁ Munisantikā

The elder Mahā Moggallāna, having heard that safeguard

sutvā tasmiṁ khaṇe yeva ahosi nirupaddavo.

from the Sage, at that moment became free from adversity.

Bojjhaṅgabalasaṁyuttaṁ, parittaṁ taṁ bhaṇāmahe.

It is about the strength of the factors of Awakening, we will recite that safeguard.

**The Safeguard**

Evaṁ me sutaṁ:

Thus I have heard:

ekaṁ samayaṁ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati

at one time the Gracious One was dwelling near Rājagaha

Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.

at the Squirrels' Feeding Place in Bamboo Wood.

Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā Mahāmoggallāno

Then at that time venerable Mahā Moggallāna

Gijjhakūṭe pabbate viharati, ābādhiko dukkhito bāḷhagilāno.

was dwelling at the Vultures Peak mountain, and was afflicted, suffering, and very sick.

Atha kho Bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṁ patisallānā vuṭṭhito,

Then the Gracious One, rising from seclusion in the evening time,

yenāyasmā Mahāmoggallāno tenupasaṅkami,

approached venerable Mahā Moggallāna,

upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.

and after approaching he sat down on the prepared seat.

Nisajja kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṁ Mahāmoggallānaṁ etad-avoca:

Having sat down the Gracious One said this to venerable Mahā Moggallāna:

“Kacci te Moggallāna khamanīyaṁ? Kacci yāpanīyaṁ?

“Can you bear up, Moggallāna? Can you carry on?

Kacci dukkhā vedanā paṭikkamanti no abhikkamanti?

Do painful feelings decrease and not increase?

Paṭikkamosānaṁ paññāyati no abhikkamo?” ti

Is it known that they are decreasing and not increasing?”

“Na me bhante khamanīyaṁ na yāpanīyaṁ,

“No, reverend Sir, I cannot bear up, nor can I carry on,

bāḷhā me dukkhā vedanā abhikkamanti no paṭikkamanti,

painful feelings greatly increase for me and do not decrease,

abhikkamosānaṁ paññāyati no paṭikkamo” ti.

and it is known that they increase and do not decrease.”

“Sattime Moggallāna Bojjhaṅgā mayā sammad-akkhātā,

“There are these seven factors of Awakening, Moggallāna, that have been fully explained by me,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattanti.

when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Katame satta?

What are the seven?

Satisambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is mindfulness, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [01]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is investigation of (the nature of) things, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [02]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Viriyasambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is energy, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [03]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Pītisambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is rapture, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [04]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Passaddhisambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is calm, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [05]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Samādhisambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is concentration, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [06]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo kho Moggallāna mayā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is equanimity, Moggallāna, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [07]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Ime kho Moggallāna satta Bojjhaṅgā mayā sammad-akkhātā,

These are the seven factors of Awakening, Moggallāna, which have been fully explained by me,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattantī” ti.

when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.”

“Taggha Bhagava Bojjhaṅgā!

“Surely, Gracious One, (these are) the factors of Awakening!

Taggha Sugata Bojjhaṅgā!” ti.

Surely, Fortunate One, (these are) the factors of Awakening!”

Idam-avoca Bhagavā,

The Gracious One said this,

attamano āyasmā Mahāmoggallāno Bhagavato bhāsitaṁ abhinandi,

and venerable Mahā Moggallāna was uplifted and greatly rejoiced in what was said by the Gracious One,

vuṭṭhāhi cāyasmā Mahāmoggallāno tamhā ābādhā,

and venerable Mahā Moggallāna recovered from that affliction,

tathā pahīno cāyasmato Mahāmoggallānassa so ābādho ahosī ti.

and by that venerable Mahā Moggallāna's affliction was brought to an end.

### 19. Mahācundattherabojjhaṅgaṁ

The Factor of Awakening Concerning the Elder Mahā Cunda

**Introductory Verse**

Bhagavā lokanāthoyaṁ, Cundattherassa santikā

The Gracious One, lord of the world, having heard this (safeguard)

sutvā tasmiṁ khaṇe yeva ahosi nirupaddavo.

from the elder Cunda, at that moment became free from adversity.

Bojjhaṅgabalasaṁyuttaṁ, parittaṁ taṁ bhaṇāmahe.

It is about the strength of the factors of Awakening, we will recite that safeguard.

**The Safeguard**

Evaṁ me sutaṁ:

Thus I have heard:

ekaṁ samayaṁ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati

at one time the Gracious One was dwelling near Rājagaha

Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.

at the Squirrels' Feeding Place in Bamboo Wood.

Tena kho pana samayena Bhagavā ābādhiko hoti dukkhito bāḷhagilāno.

Then at that time the Gracious One was afflicted, suffering, and very sick.

Atha kho āyasmā Mahācundo sāyanhasamayaṁ patisallānā vuṭṭhito,

Then venerable Mahā Cunda, rising from seclusion in the evening time,

yena Bhagavā tenupasaṅkami,

approached the Gracious One,

upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṁ abhivādetvā, ekam-antaṁ nisīdi.

and after approaching and worshipping the Gracious One, he sat down on one side.

Ekam-antaṁ nissinaṁ kho āyasmantaṁ Mahācundaṁ Bhagavā etad-avoca:

While he was sitting on one side the Gracious One said this to venerable Mahā Cunda:

“Paṭibhantu taṁ Cunda Bojjhaṅgā” ti.

“May the factors of Awakening occur to you, Cunda.”

“Sattime bhante Bojjhaṅgā Bhagavatā sammad-akkhātā,

“There are these seven factors of Awakening, reverend Sir, that have been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattanti.

when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Katame satta?

What are the seven?

Satisambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is mindfulness, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [01]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is investigation of (the nature of) things, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [02]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Viriyasambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is energy, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [03]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Pītisambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is rapture, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [04]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Passaddhisambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is calm, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [05]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Samādhisambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is concentration, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [06]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo kho bhante Bhagavatā sammad-akkhāto,

The factor of Complete Awakening that is equanimity, reverend Sir, has been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [07]

when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Ime kho bhante satta Bojjhaṅgā Bhagavatā sammad-akkhātā,

These are the seven factors of Awakening, reverend Sir, which have been fully explained by the Gracious One,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattantī” ti.

when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.”

“Taggha Cunda Bojjhaṅgā!

“Surely, Cunda, (these are) the factors of Awakening!

Taggha Cunda Bojjhaṅgā!” ti.

Surely, Cunda, (these are) the factors of Awakening!”

Idam-avoca āyasmā Mahācundo,

Venerable Mahā Cunda said this,

samanuñño Satthā ahosi,

and the Teacher was in agreement,

vuṭṭhāhi ca Bhagavā tamhā ābādhā,

and the Gracious One recovered from that affliction,

tathā pahīno ca Bhagavato so ābādho ahosī ti.

and by that the Gracious One's affliction was brought to an end.