Buddhism in Taiwan | History

Buddhism in Taiwan

Buddhism is one of the major religions of Taiwan. Around 35% of the Taiwanese population believes in Buddhism. Distinguishing features of Taiwanese Buddhism is the emphasis on the practice of vegetarianism, the influence of Humanistic Buddhism, and the prominence of large centralized Buddhist organizations. 4 Buddhist teachers who founded institutions that are particularly influential are popularly referred to as the "Four Heavenly Kings of Taiwanese Buddhism"

Buddhism in Taiwan | History

Scholars can document the existence of Buddhism in Taiwan only from the migration of Chinese fleeing to the island after their failure to restore the fallen Ming dynasty in 1662. The “Southern Ming” court ruled Taiwan until the Qing dynasty captured the island in 1683. The subsequent history of Buddhism in Taiwan falls into 3 periods delimited by the 3 political regimes that followed: