5-53-1 Jhāna | Samyutta

Chapter IX

53 Jhānasamyutta
Connected Discourses on the Jhānas

I. GANGES REPETITION SERIES

1 (1)–12 (12) The River Ganges—Eastward, Etc.

At Sāvatthī.

There the Blessed One said this:

Bhikkhus, there are these 4 jhānas. What 4?

1) Here, Bhikkhus, secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unwholesome states,

a Bhikkhu enters and dwells in the 1st jhāna, which is accompanied by thought and examination, with rapture and happiness born of seclusion.

2) With the subsiding of thought and examination, he enters and dwells in the 2nd jhāna,

which has internal confidence and unification of mind, is without thought and examination, and has rapture and happiness born of concentration.

3) With the fading away as well of rapture, he dwells equanimous and, mindful and clearly comprehending, he experiences happiness with the body;

he enters and dwells in the 3rd jhāna of which the noble ones declare: ‘He is equanimous, mindful, one who dwells happily.’

4) With the abandoning of pleasure and pain, and with the previous passing away of joy and displeasure, he enters and dwells in the 4th jhāna, which is neither painful nor pleasant and includes the purification of mindfulness by equanimity.

- These are the 4 jhānas.

Bhikkhus, just as the river Ganges slants, slopes, and inclines towards the east, so too a Bhikkhu who develops and cultivates the 4 jhānas slants, slopes, and inclines towards Nibbāna.

And how, Bhikkhus, does a Bhikkhu who develops and cultivates the 4 jhānas slant, slope, and incline towards Nibbāna?

Here, Bhikkhus, secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unwholesome states, a Bhikkhu enters and dwells in the 1st jhāna … the 2nd jhāna … the 3rd jhāna … the 4th jhāna.

- It is in this way, Bhikkhus, that a Bhikkhu who develops and cultivates the 4 jhānas slants, slopes, and inclines towards Nibbāna.

(The remaining Suttas of this vagga are to be similarly elaborated parallel to 45:92–102.)

6 about slanting to the east
And 6 about slanting to the ocean.
These 2 sixes make up twelve:
Thus the subchapter is recited.

II. DILIGENCE

13 (1)–22 (10) The Tathāgata, Etc.

(To be elaborated by way of the jhānas parallel to 45:139–48.)

Tathāgata, footprint, roof peak,
Roots, heartwood, jasmine,
Monarch, the moon and sun,
Together with the cloth as tenth.

III. STRENUOUS DEEDS

23 (1)–34 (12) Strenuous, Etc.

(To be elaborated parallel to 45:149–60.)

Strenuous, seeds, and Nāgas,
The tree, the pot, the spike,
The sky, and 2 on clouds,
The ship, guest house, and river.

IV. SEARCHES

35 (1)–44 (10) Searches, Etc.

(To be elaborated parallel to 45:161–70.)

Searches, discriminations, taints,
Kinds of existence, 3-fold suffering,
Barrenness, stains, and troubles,
Feelings, craving, and thirst.

V. FLOODS

45 (1)–53 (9) Floods, Etc.

(To be elaborated parallel to 45:171–79.)

54 (10) Higher Fetters

Bhikkhus, there are these 5 higher fetters. What 5?

Lust for form, lust for the formless, conceit, restlessness, ignorance.

- These are the 5 higher fetters.

The 4 jhānas are to be developed for direct knowledge of these 5 higher fetters, for the full understanding of them, for their utter destruction, for their abandoning.

What 4?

Here, Bhikkhus, secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unwholesome states, a Bhikkhu enters and dwells in the 1st jhāna … the 2nd jhāna … the 3rd jhāna … the 4th jhāna.

These 4 jhānas are to be developed for direct knowledge of these 5 higher fetters, for the full understanding of them, for their utter destruction, for their abandoning.

Floods, bonds, kinds of clinging,
Knots, and underlying tendencies,
Cords of sensual pleasure, hindrances,
Aggregates, fetters lower and higher.