Practice of Theravada Buddhism

Buddha Sūtras

This is a Folder Link for a small collection of specially chosen Buddha Sūtras from Theravāda Pāḷi Canon for Practice of Buddhist Meditation, Contemplation, Concentration, Mindfulness, Awareness, Chanting and Training. What exactly to do and where to start in Buddha’s own words. You can read & study many more Buddha’s Sūtras in the “Sūtras” category, but this is just a small introduction & foundation.

This is a Folder-link to a Collection of Theravāda Chants & prayers, traditionally & devotedly chanted by Theravāda Buddhists, such as Mettabhāvanā or Friendliness Meditation, Mahāparittaṁ or The Great Safeguard, Catubhāṇavārapāḷi or the Four Recitals, Supplementary Chants or Upagantho and similar, including text of verses for taking refuge, verses for success, protection and training, in Pāḷi language and English translation.

Buddhism in Buddha’s Words

The present text – Buddhism in Buddha’s own words – is a systematic exposition of all the main tenets of the Buddha’s Teachings presented in the Master’s own words as found in the Sutta-Pitaka of the Buddhist Pali Canon.Its chief aim is to give the reader who is already more or less acquainted with the fundamental ideas of Buddhism, a clear, concise and authentic summary

Ajahn Sao Kantasīlo, founder of the Thai Forest Tradition

Buddhists pursue meditation as part of the Path toward Liberation from defilements (kleśas) and clinging and craving (upādāna), also called Awakening, which results in the attainment of Nirvāṇa. And this Path usually includes a variety of meditation techniques. These techniques aim to develop Equanimity and Sati (mindfulness); Samādhi (concentration) Śamatha (tranquillity) and Vipassanā (insight). The meditation-techniques of Early Buddhism are described in the Pāḷi Canon

Dhyāna | Jhāna

In the oldest texts of Buddhism, Dhyāna (Sanskrit: ध्यान) or Jhāna (Pāḷi: झान) is the training of the mind, commonly translated as meditation, to withdraw the mind from the automatic responses to sense-impressions, and leading to a "state of perfect equanimity and awareness. Dhyāna is the core practice of Buddhism, in combination with several related practices which together lead to perfected Mindfulness and detachment.

Śamatha (Pāḷi: Samatha) is a Buddhist term that is often translated as the "tranquillity of the Mind", or "Mind-calmness". The Pāḷi Canon describes it as 1 of two qualities of Mind which is developed (bhāvanā) in Buddhist meditation, the other being Vipassanā (insight). Originally, Śamatha was developed by abiding in the Jhānas. Jhāna is induced by Śamatha, and then Jhāna is reflected upon with Mindfulness

Vipassanā (Pāḷi) or Vipaśyanā (Sanskrit) literally "special, super (Vi), seeing (Passanā)", is a Buddhist term that is often translated as "insight". Vipassanā practice in the Theravāda tradition largely fell out of practice by the 10th century, but was reintroduced in Burma in the 18th century, based on contemporary readings of the Satipaṭṭhāna Sūtra, the Visuddhimagga, and other texts. It became important in Vipassanā Movement

Buddhaghoṣa in Buddhism uses "Kammaṭṭhāna" to refer to each of his 40 meditation objects listed in the 3rd chapter of the Visuddhimagga, which are partially derived from the Pāli Canon. In this sense "Kammaṭṭhāna" can be understood as "occupations" in the sense of "things to occupy the mind" or "workplaces" in the sense of "places to focus the mind on during the work of meditation".

Bhāvanā literally means "development" or "cultivating" or "producing" in the sense of "calling into existence". It is an important concept in Buddhist practice. In the Pāḷi Canon bhāvanā is often found in a compound phrase indicating personal, intentional effort over time with respect to the development of that particular faculty. For example - mettā-bhāvanā is translated as the "cultivation of loving kindness."

Buddha statue, Thailand

Buddhānusmṛti (Pāḷi: buddhānussati), meaning "Buddha-mindfulness", is a common Buddhist practice in all Buddhist traditions which involves meditating with a Buddha, such as Gautama Buddha, Historical Buddhas or Mahāyāna Buddha-aspects, as the meditation subject. In all Buddhist countries chanting and devotion (Bhaṭṭi) is a big part of lay and monastic Buddhist practice, and devotional chants which praise the qualities of the Buddha are widely used.