Abhidharma | Abhidhamma

Abhidharma is the teaching about the supreme dharma - Nirvāņa and dharmas that accompany it

Conditioned and Unconditioned Dharmas

The substrate, which is behind the empirical personality and its experiences, is consisting of an endless number of separate elements or dharma-carriers. But all of them could be reduced to a much smaller number of types. Altogether there are 75 types of different dharmas, according to the oldest school of Buddhist philosophy. Buddhist scholars have had elaborated several different classifications of dharma-elements.

Abhidharmakoša and Analysis of Existence

Vasubandhu in his treatise "Abhidharmakośa" defines that Abhidharma "is a pure knowledge together with accompanying dharmas". A "Pure Knowledge" is knowledge firstly about the highest dharma, i.e. Nirvāṇa, secondly about dharmas with a meaning "elements" or "manifestations of elements" to which is divided all empirical existence, all the existence we can experience or think of. The "accompanying dharmas" are called elements connected with the goal:

Momentary Existence

According to the Buddhism, each experience can be observed in a critical view as a complex consisting of: Conscious, sensible perceiving of something objectively existing Conscious psychic phenomena as emotions, memories, etc. If we separate in abstraction consciousness as such, a pure consciousness as a form from its content, we are getting 3 basic components: Consciousness Psychic phenomena in abstraction separated from consciousness